What is it? Who attended? What is the main challenge? Learn about Rebrip’s position, details about the event and the full document that will be the basis for the global agreement to be adopted in Paris.
By Janine Salles de Carvalho | REBRIP
A space for climate change discussions and negotiations within the scope of the UN, the Conference of the Parties (COP) is the highest decision-making level related to efforts to control the emission of greenhouse gases and each country’s commitment to policies for mitigation, adaptation and funding of a green fund.
The People’s Summit, which takes place concurrently with the COP, discusses new sustainable development models, the impacts of the extractive industry on women, rational use of natural resources, food sovereignty, and energy reform, among other topics. Apart from being a discussion forum, the Summit is also a place for criticism, not only of the current development model, but also of everything that is being negotiated by governments at the COP.
COP: Attended by delegations from the 196 signatory countries of the UN Climate Convention.Some countries, like Brazil, include members of civil society in their delegation.However, most countries do not.
Advocacy, indigenous, and women organizations, as well as the union movement attend the Summit.
What is at stake?
Preparation of a zero draft, a global agreement that will make it mandatory for countries to adopt measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.This text should be approved by the end of 2015, during the Paris COP, to be effective as of 2020.
COP 20 Highlights
Launching the document that will be the basis for the global agreement to be adopted in Paris was a major highlight of the Summit.
There were differences and the process to reach this version of the draft was turbulent.The countries disagreed on crucial points.The most important difference concerned the principle of equal, shared responsibilities.In this respect, Brazil presented a concentric responsibility proposal, which proposes creation of a third country group:emerging countries.The proposal is to be assessed during COP 21.
The March Against Climate Change was the high point of the People’s Summit. Several movements, advocacy and women organizations, union movements and indigenous communities were represented.The march was the great moment of resistance at the summit and ended with representatives of these diverse groups presenting their agendas on the stage.
The People’s Summit delegation presented the conference president and Peruvian Minister of the Environment, Manuel Pulgar Vidal, with a copy of the final document.
The text adopted in this COP is ambitious and vague. It focuses especially on intentions to the detriment of obligations. The emissions reduction target was defined, but how it will be conducted remains unclear.Also unclear is what will be done regarding mitigation, adaptation, funding and the loss and damage mechanism.The methodology of the national target plan to reduce emissions is still weak. One of the good points is the fact that the principle of equal, shared responsibilities was maintained in the final text (there was a major risk that it would be left out.)
Rebrip’s Position and Participation
Rebrip’s role is to combine regional efforts to prevent the COP 21 process from being predominantly European. Apart from regional integration and articulation in this and other multilateral forums, Rebrip has always advocated multilateralism and cannot allow its parts to weaken or favor the dominant logic. It would be strategic to strengthen spaces and topics to prioritize our principles.
Joint actions to put pressure on governments to work for a high-level agreement in Paris – ensuring isonomy among countries, and the way in which this will be included in the global agreement – are also noteworthy.The year 2015 will be crucial. There will be a total of four meetings (the first will take place in Geneva and the last will be COP 21 itself.)